In 1991, Tajikistan, as well as many other republics of the Soviet Union, flew to the independent life from a large Soviet housing. And, as a fledgling chick decided to fly up to the sun, to build their own state. They began to build up new cities, especially the capital. Dushanbe has become the city of palaces and stadiums. Its long streets lined with roses, sparkling fountains, fragrant gardens, beautiful young Tajik beauties. Although, if you just drive off from Dushanbe, you will see a very different picture. Many gloomy houses, narrow streets, not paved roads. Particularly catch the person’s eyes of the inhabitants, tired of the difficult life.
However, in recent years there has floated challenge that is even more formidable. But for unemployment, poverty, family and psychological problems, some Tajiks increasingly leave the country to join the ranks of terrorist groups ISIS. The most offensive, that in some cases, young graduates, who cannot find work in Tajikistan fall under the influence of terrorists.
Tajik Interior Ministry says that has the list of 2 thousand citizens of the country who have joined terrorist organizations and participate in hostilities abroad. It is known that about the participation of about 1,300 people, and all these people are prosecuted. About 300 of them have already laid down their heads in Syria and Iraq by the time.
This is nonsense, when today more than 1,500 Tajiks are fighting in the ranks of the “Islamic State” and most of them have not even reached the age of 20.
Activating counter IS coalition led to a significant weakening of the positions of the terrorist organization and the outflow from its ranks of immigrants from Central Asia increased, part of which wants to return to their homeland. This is confirmed in the report of Secretary-General Jeffrey Feldman the UN Deputy for Political Affairs, which states that in recent months, an increasing number of foreign fighters returning home from the Middle East. He called the main reason for the mass return of fighters is ISIL defeat in Syria and Iraq.
According to experts, these fighters returned to their former places of residence, pose a serious danger to their fellow citizens. Most of these fighters treat insurgency as a job, and are likely to continue their normal activities.
Having been part of ISIL and returning home Tajik gunmen do not always have the desire to resume civilian life.
In December last year, three militants returning from Syria were detained in Sogd province. They were charged for planning terrorist attacks in Tajikistan.
The situation is aggravated by the adopted amendments to the Criminal Code, providing termination of persecution of returning ex militants. In fact, they return to the homeland to complete the mission. Those who are really sorry and repent of their deeds, as a rule, try not to return home for fear of arrest.
Shahrom Mirzoyev arrested In Kurgan-Tube, was going to commit a terrorist act in the market. He is a former ISIL fighter, year ago returned with a guilty from the fighting zones. After the poll was released, and even got a job as a guard in one of the organizations. But it was not the end. After a while, he began to plan the attack. By chance, the crime was prevented. What was the reason for the resumption of their terrorist activities or was it initially thought by his curators from ISIL? And most importantly, what was the reason, the security forces have left it unattended and have not seen him? This is for the competent authorities to clarify.
It is time for state officials to study the root causes of terrorism in the mass involvement of our citizens and to take measures to prevent such incidents. Rather than build multiple pompous and empty palaces, it is necessary to carry out targeted reforms aimed at economic growth, creating new jobs and improving the welfare of the population.
Ibodulla Fakirov, Dushanbe